Hyperuricemia / Gout Diet

WHAT IS HYPERURICEMIA?

Hyperuricemia is an excess of uric acid in the blood. Uric acid passes through the liver, and enters your bloodstream. Most of it is excreted (removed from your body) in your urine, or passes through your intestines to regulate "normal" levels.

Normal Uric acid levels are 2.4-6.0 mg/dL (female) and 3.4-7.0 mg/dL (male).  Normal values will vary from laboratory to laboratory.

Also important to blood uric acid levels are purines.  Purines are nitrogen-containing compounds, which are made inside the cells of your body (endogenous), or come from outside of your body, from foods containing purine (exogenous).  Purine breaks down into uric acid. Increased levels of uric acid from excess purines may accumulate in your tissues, and form crystals. This may cause high uric acid levels in the blood. 

Uric acid formation may occur when the blood uric acid level rises above 7 mg/dL. Problems, such as kidney stones, and gout (collection of uric acid crystals in the joints, especially in your toes and fingers), may occur.

 

RECOMMENDED FOODS TO EAT

 

 

 MAIN DIETARY SOURCES OF PURINES TO BE AVOIDED

All meat sources (e.g. beef, lamb, chicken, pork, ham, duck etc) , Liver, heart and kidney , Sweet breads , Meat extracts (e.g. Oxo)

Fish sources (Anchovies, Crab, Fish Roes, Herring, Mackerel, Sardines, Shrimps, Whitebait).

Other sources (Yeast and extracts , Beer, Asparagus, Cauliflower, Mushrooms,  Spinach)

Legumes such as beans, lima beans, navy beans and lentils.

Oatmeal.

 

 

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